5) With the Easter / Pentecost events we have a shift in time. Normal (chronological time) continues but we now have eschatological time (kairos). So at the resurrection of Jesus there are also a bunch of people raised from the dead – tombs open (Matthew) and seen in the city. That cannot happen till the end!! We still wait for the end, but the ‘end’ is also a Person / a Presence. We experience now the powers of the age to come.
6) Because of time shift there are ‘horizons of vision’ in the NT. It is like looking at a range of mountains one behind the other – it is hard to tell if they are the same mountain and even which peak is closer. These horizons are related – they might be separated but they are all one eschatological event. I suggest that they are as follows:
- Easter / Pentecost / Ascension
- Fall of Jerusalem AD70
- Subduing of the nations
- The Coming of Christ / the Parousia (Presence) / Appearing / Day of the Lord etc.
7) The Fall of Jerusalem (66-70AD being the Jewish wars so well recorded by Josephus the Jewish historian, with false Messiahs, cannibalism, and over 1 million dying) is a very important part of this. It is the generation-length after the Cross that then marks the end of the overlap between the Jewish / Christian era. Coupled to the huge crisis in Rome 68-70AD when there were 4 claimants to the Empire’s throne in 18 months with the ‘miraculous’ survival of Rome (almost certainly the reference in Revelation to the mortal wound and then the survival of the Empire) marks those years as some of the most traumatic of all. It was not the end of the age in the sense that we think of the future, but it is certainly the end of an age and could indeed be the end of the age.